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Antenna splitter for Broadcast and 144 MHz

Driving a car owned by the firm I work, I had the choice of using a magnetic antenna or finding an other solution. A magnetic antenna has the risk of being removed somewhere so I started looking for the other solution. In a VHF Communications of spring 1978 I found a project of an antenna splitter designed by DK1OF. The Idea is to use a 2mtr. mobile antenna with a 2 mtr. transceiver and a  broadcast radio.
I could use the hole of the standard broadcast antenna to mount a 2 mtr. 1/4 lambda antenna, so this was the way to go.

Not only the schematics where described but also the theory and the formula's to compute the components. This made it possible to recalculate the whole thing for my proper use. The original concept used as center frequency of 95 MHz for the FM-Broadcast there where I use to listen to stations centered around 91 MHz. As a center frequency for 2 mtr. I used 145MHz.

The Schema

The Formula's:

R = Input impedance = Output impedance = (50 Ω)

F1 = Cut-Off frequency Broadcast (91 MHz)

F2 = Center Frequency off 2 mtr. (145 MHz)

 
The calculations are automated in an Excel worksheet you can download with the rest of the project files: Antenna Splitter.zip

 

The results:

Calculated used
L1a = L1b = 5,167619E-08 2,5-Turns
L2= 5,488101E-08 2,5-Turns
L3= 4,072309E-08 2 Turns
  Coils wounded on a 6 mm  coil former with 1 mm Silver plated copper wire. The coil-formers are provided with a VHF usable core
C1a = C1b = 2,331384E-11 22pF
C2= 3,459890E-11 33pF
C3= 7,348927E-11 27pF + 47pF
C4= 4,390481E-11 22pF + 22pF

The theoretical frequency response:

1) The response from the antenna to the 2 Mtr. Transceiver:

The center frequency (91 MHz) of the FM Broadcast cut-of is more then 40 db and on 145 MHz the attenuation is quasi 0 db. the 2 meter harmonics are extra attenuated even so the frequency range of the MW and LW Broadcast.

2) The response from the antenna to the Broadcast radio:

Here the 2 meter frequency is suppressed more than 50 db, the FM-Broadcast and the MW and LW are nearly not attenuated.

The impedances are all 50 Ω - (look out for the broadcast radio, eventually one has to match the input impedance.)

The next step is to work-out the project in a practical way.

Parts:

  1. For mechanical strong ness, a car can trill and shake a lot, I use a commercial die-cast box from 100mm x  50mm.

  2. 3 x 1-Hole mountable BNC connectors

  3. 4 x VHF Coil cores with adjustable core (it is more stable for car-use to adjust the coils then adjusting capacitors)

  4. 1mm diameter - Silver coated - wire

  5. 4 x 22pf

  6. 1 x 33pF

  7. 1 x 27pF

  8. 1 x 47pF

Design of a printed circuit:

Solder-side seen from components

Earth-mask on the component side

Position of the components:

 

... to be continued.

 

 

 


سُوۡرَةُ حٰمٓ السجدة / فُصّلَت
ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَهِيَ دُخَانٌ فَقَالَ لَهَا وَلِلْأَرْضِ ائْتِيَا طَوْعًا أَوْ كَرْهًا قَالَتَا أَتَيْنَا طَائِعِينَ ﴿١١
فَقَضَاهُنَّ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَأَوْحَىٰ فِي كُلِّ سَمَاءٍ أَمْرَهَا ۚ وَزَيَّنَّا السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا بِمَصَابِيحَ وَحِفْظًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ ﴿١٢


Surah Fussilat: Thereafter turned He to the heaven and it was as smoke, and said Unto it and Unto the earth: come ye twain, willingly or loth. They said: we come willingly. (11) Then He decreed them as seven heavens in two days, and revealed Unto each heaven the command thereof; and We bedecked the nether heaven with lamps and placed therein a guard. That is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knower. (12)

De hemelen en aarde (waren) een samenhangende massa. Wij hebben ze toen van elkaar gescheiden… Wij hebben de hemel tot een beschermend dak gemaakt … en de dag en de nacht, de zon en de maan geschapen. (Koran 41 11:12)


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