Chapter-2 Q019 - Physics For Engineers And Scientists - Solutions

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Question 19 - Problems - Chapter 2

Problem:

The fastest land animal is the cheetah, which runs at a speed of up to 101 km/h.

The second-fastest is the antelope, which runs at a speed of up to 88 km/h.

Question:

a) Suppose that a cheetah begin to chase an antelope. If the antelope has a head start of 50m, how long does it take the cheetah to catch the antelope: How far will the cheetah have travelled by this time?

b) The cheetah can maintain its top speed tor only about 20s (and then has to rest), whereas the antelope can continue at top speed for a considerably longer time. What is the maximum head start the cheetah can allow the antelope?

Solution:

The speed of the cheeta $v_c = 101$ km/h

The speed of the antelope $v_a = 88$ km/h

The distance where they catch up is $s$

The time is $t$

The cheeta reaches this place after $s = t . v_c$

The antelope reaches this place after $s = 50 + t.v_a$

We have two equations that are equal to each other, so we can write:

$$t.v_c = 50 + t.v_a$$

$$\implies 50 = t.v_c - t . v_a$$

$$\implies 50 = t.(v_c - v_a)$$

$$\implies \frac{50}{v_c-v_a}= t$$

In [1]:
vc = 101 / 3.6 # m/s
va = 88 / 3.6 # m/s
t = 50 / (vc - va)
s = t * vc
s2 = 50 + t * va
print(f'Speed cheeta: {vc:.1f} m/s - Speed antelope: {va:.1f} m/s')
print(f'a) The cheeta catch up after {t:.2f} s at a distance of {s:.0f} m')
Speed cheeta: 28.1 m/s - Speed antelope: 24.4 m/s
a) The cheeta catch up after 13.85 s at a distance of 388 m

The cheeta can run $t_{max} = 20$ s at full speed and thus run a distance of $s_{max} = t_{max}.v_c$

On the same time, the antelope runs $s_{a} = t_{max}.va$

So if the Antelope has a a greater head start than $s_h = s_{max} - s_a$ the cheeta cannot cach-up any more.

In [2]:
t_max = 20
s_max = 20 * vc
s_a = 20 * va
s_h = s_max - s_a
print(f'The maximal distance the cheeta can run is {s_max:.0f} m')
print(f'in this time the antelope runs {s_a:.0f} m')
print(f'So if the antelope has a head start of more than {s_h:.0f} m, the cheeta has to order pizza.')
The maximal distance the cheeta can run is 561 m
in this time the antelope runs 489 m
So if the antelope has a head start of more than 72 m, the cheeta has to order pizza.

سُوۡرَةُ حٰمٓ السجدة / فُصّلَت
ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَهِيَ دُخَانٌ فَقَالَ لَهَا وَلِلْأَرْضِ ائْتِيَا طَوْعًا أَوْ كَرْهًا قَالَتَا أَتَيْنَا طَائِعِينَ ﴿١١
فَقَضَاهُنَّ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَأَوْحَىٰ فِي كُلِّ سَمَاءٍ أَمْرَهَا ۚ وَزَيَّنَّا السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا بِمَصَابِيحَ وَحِفْظًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ ﴿١٢


Surah Fussilat: Thereafter turned He to the heaven and it was as smoke, and said Unto it and Unto the earth: come ye twain, willingly or loth. They said: we come willingly. (11) Then He decreed them as seven heavens in two days, and revealed Unto each heaven the command thereof; and We bedecked the nether heaven with lamps and placed therein a guard. That is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knower. (12)

De hemelen en aarde (waren) een samenhangende massa. Wij hebben ze toen van elkaar gescheiden… Wij hebben de hemel tot een beschermend dak gemaakt … en de dag en de nacht, de zon en de maan geschapen. (Koran 41 11:12)


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